Scientific Research - Page 1

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Life, mind and the new nonsciousness:
Physical consequences of a five-dimensional universe
James E. Beichler, PhD
Department of Physics, West Virginia University at Parkersburg
Ohio 45714 USA

               
                In the past three decades, the scientific community has embarked upon an earnest and interdisciplinary assault on the mysteries of consciousness. Unfortunately, the scientific concept of consciousness is ambiguous at best, with psychologists, physicists and other scientists often using the term in conflicting ways. No one has ever defined consciousness in a manner which all could accept, let alone develop a workable theory of consciousness. This state of affairs is due to a basic duality of the concept that is reflected in the physical rather than the biological basis of consciousness itself. Scientists have failed to find the proper place of consciousness in nature because they have neglected to distinguish between what is physical but nonmaterial and what is both physical and material in our world. In the same manner, physicists do not normally distinguish between living matter and non-living matter, even though consciousness is, for all intents and purposes, associated only with living beings. It would therefore seem that a definition and theory of life must necessarily precede any theory of consciousness, at least from the perspective of the physicist who requires consciousness as a necessary element in the study of quantum theory.
                Although this task, in itself, might seem daunting, it is far from impossible to accomplish. A working theory of life can be developed in physics, but not within quantum mechanics. Using a five-dimensional space-time framework based upon the Einstein-Kaluza field model, life, followed by mind and consciousness, can all be explained as increasingly complex 'entanglements' or patterns of density variation in a single unified physical field. Life, mind and consciousness can then be seen as interrelated complexes in a non-material yet physical extension of our commonly perceived four-dimensional reality, with very exciting consequences.
                In particular, the consequences of this physical model go well beyond what would normally be expected of a physical theory. First of all, those phenomena that are commonly called paranormal, such as ESP and PK, emerge as natural consequences of the relationship between living organisms and the overall single field defining the universe. In fact, the existence of the paranormal could be predicted from this physical model if paranormal phenomena had not already been experienced and recorded. Secondly, concepts of enlightenment as proposed within the Buddhist, mystical and other spiritual philosophies are easily explained as differing degrees of awareness of the hyper-dimensional connections between all living beings. Thirdly, a physical theory of death, which can explain the various phenomena associated with NDEs, also emerges. The mind/consciousness complex survives the death of the four-dimensional material body. And finally, the purely physical basis of what some scientists term the 'biofield' and others call 'chi' or 'ki' can also be explained. The implications of this theory and the corresponding physical model of reality for the practice of 'psychic healing' alone are phenomenal and will eventually lead to verifiable evidence of the subtle and normally immeasurable but real influences that living beings have on the health of other living beings.

Research shows that healing is a potent therapy
Daniel Benor, M.D.
5 Birchwood Dr., Medford, NJ 08055 USA

     The author will summarize evidence from more than 200 controlled studies of healing. Two thirds of these studies demonstrate significant effects in humans, animals, plants, bacteria, yeasts, cells in laboratory culture, enzymes, and DNA. Also will be discussed:
*      Clinical reports of healing from around the world
*      Suggestions for how healing can be a useful and potent integrative CAM modality in medical and nursing practice. 
*     Author's experience of using his own healing gifts in combinationwith psychotherapy.     
*     The founding and work of the Doctor-Healer Newtork in England
*      Theories to explain healing
     If time permits, there can be experiential components to the presentation.
 
Effects of superlow doses
E.B. Burlakova, PhD
Deputy Director, Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, RAS
ul. Kosygina, 4, 119991, Moscow, Russia

At the Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, the research of the action of low-level chemical (since 1983) and physical (since 1986) factors on biological objects of different levels of organization (from biomacromolecules to organisms and populations) has been carried out. In 1983, it was discovered that biological agents taken in concentrations from 10-13 to 10-14 M and lower display the same activity (both qualitative and quantitative) as in concentrations from 10-4 to 10-5 M.
A so-called "dead zone" was observed between these two extremes: in this range of concentrations the effect is either absent or is significantly weaker. It means that biologically active substances (BAS) taken in concentrations that are much below NOEL (the level, at which a preparation is inefficient) can display a high biological activity. The BAS studied were natural antioxidants, regulatory peptides, antitumor compounds, adaptogens, neuromediators, herbicide, regulators of growth of plants, antidepressants, nootropic preparations, and many others. The preparations were used both separately and in formula. The synergistic and antagonistic effects of the BAS were studied with respect to each other and in combination with physical factors.
The research results showed that the efficiency of superlow doses (SLD) of BAS and low-level factors are unique phenomena, which are not associated with any particular chemical structures or levels of biological organization. We formulated scientific principles of application of BAS SLD and low-level physical factors as nontraditional methods of therapy.
An important result is the discovery of an enhancement of sensitivity of biological objects to the action of a variety of agents as a consequence of low-level effects produced, as well as elimination of toxic side effects of medicinal preparations, addiction to drugs, etc. At the Institute, tests for specific effects of low-level impacts and principles of modification (protection and sensitization) of these impacts are being developed. The studies performed on people (participants of liquidation teams of the Chernobyl PP accident who received low doses of ionizing irradiation) showed feasibility of developing tests to determine individual sensitivity to low-level factors.
Hypotheses will be proposed to explain the mechanisms of the observed SLD effects as well as considerations about common targets of different chemical substances in SLD and low-level irradiation that account for their similar characteristic effects.
 
Biological effects of weak magnetic and electromagnetic fields
E. E. Fessenko, PhD, Cor. Member of RAS
Director, Institute of Cellular Biophysics, RAN,
Pushñhino, Moscow Region, 142292, Russia,

     One of the most important and yet unresolved problems of bioelectromagnetics is the nature of primary processes leading to the development of the response of a biosystem to electromagnetic radiation. When approaching this problem, at the first stage of the study, we searched for the effects that have great amplitude and can be easily reproduced. The following effects were detected:
1.  A change in the open state probability of the Ca2+-dependent ?+ channel. By the action of millimeter radiation, this characteristic changed from 1.5 to 4 times.
2.  A change (3-10 times) in the rate of spontaneous hydrolysis of proteins exposed to combined permanent and variable magnetic fields. The effect depended on frequency and was observed at extremely low amplitudes of the variable field, which excludes any trivial thermal explanation of the effect.
3. A change (2-3 times) in the rate of synthesis of the tumor necrosis factor by peritoneal phagocytes in mice exposed to weak radiation of centimeter waves.
4.  A change in the rate of planarians' division (3-10 times) by the action of combined permanent and variable magnetic fields. This effect was also freguency-dependent (one of the operating frequencies was the "cyclotron" frequency of Ca2+ ions) and was observed for very weak fields.
5.  A change (2-5 times) in the rate of  32P incorporation into the components of the inositol cycle in insect antennas. The effect was observed at small (nonthermal) values of power flux densities (0.5µWt/cm2).
     The high amplitudes of these effects made it possible, on the one hand, to study their kinetics and, on the other hand, to approach the question regarding the nature of primary processes. It turned out that in cases 1-4, the biological effect can be produced not only by direct application of electromagnetic and magnetic fields but also by replacing the nonradiated aqueous phase in which a biosystem (a membrane fragment in patch-clamp experiments, a protein molecule, mouse phagocytes, and planarians) was localized with the irradiated one. These experiments suggest that, at least in four of five cases, a receptor of changes was the aqueous phase (a salt solution, culture medium, etc.), and that it was in the aqueous phase that those primary events occurred which later led to the development of the biological effect. We studied this effect more thoroughly in the case of Ca2+-dependent K+ channels. It was found that electromagnetic radiation changes the apparent affinity of Ca2+ ions to the channel-forming structure. Thus, it can be concluded that the physicochemical changes in the aqueous phase that are induced by electromagnetic radiation change the affinity of the receptor for the ligand. If this phenomenon is of a general character, this suggests that electromagnetic radiation can be used to control a great variety biochemical processes. The next important question is what physicochemical changes of the aqueous phase are responsible for the biological effects of electromagnetic fields. Two possibilities should be considered: chemical changes (e. g., the generation of active forms of oxygen) and changes in the physical parameters of the solution (e. g., structuring of water with the formation of water clusters).

Biomorphogenesis as a holographic nonlocal space-time process
P.P. Gariaev, PhD*,G.G. Tertishny, PhD and E.A. Leonova, PhD
*Chief Scientific Officer, Wave Genetics Inc.,
907 Alness Street, North York, ON M3J 2N2, Toronto, Canada.

        Basic assumptions of our work include the following:
-       The genome has a capacity for quasi-consciousness so that  DNA "words" produce and help in the recognition of  "semantically meaningful phrases",
-       The DNA of chromosomes control fundamental programs of life in a dual way: as chemical matrixes and as a source of wave function and holographic memory,
-       Processes in the substance-wave structures of the genome can be observed and registered through the dispersion and absorption of a bipolar laser beam.
     Two- and three-dimensional mathematical models of the bioholographic control over the development of spatial structure of multicellular organisms in the process of embryogenesis were presented in our previous publications. They were based on the dispersion of a chromosomal endogenous laser light beam by cell's DNA-continuum material.
     The current work is based on the analysis of the undispersed part of the outcoming light. Its space-time structure carries full information about processes in the substance-wave structures of DNA that the light passed through. These processes can be recorded and than reconstructed by using referent light beams. A physical-mathematical model is developed that describes a version of holographic vector-image calibration of dynamic processes in biological systems.
References
1. Gariaev P.P., Wave based genome. Monograph. ?. Ed. Public profits. 1994, 279p. (In Russian)
2. Gariaev P.P., Tertishnii G.G., Gotovsky U.V., Leonova E.A., Holographic and quantum NonLocality of genome. Proceedings of thre 5th International conference "Theoretical and Clinical Aspects of using Bioresonance and Multiresonance Therapy". Part II. "IMEDIS", Moscow. 1999, pp.256-272. (In Russian)
3. Prangishvili I.V., Gariaev P.P., Tertishny G.G., Leonova E.A., Mologin A.V., Garber M.R., Genetic structures as source and receiver of holographic information. Sensors and Systems, ?2, 2000, ?.2-8. (In Russian)

The challenge of consciousness
Robert G. Jahn, PhD*
Director, Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research, Princeton University
Princeton, NJ  08544 USA

       The incorporation of consciousness within the purview of rigorous science indeed presents a huge array of conceptual and methodological problems.  As yet we do not really know how to define it, how to characterize it, how to model it, or how to measure its properties.  We do not understand its relationships with the physical world, including those with its own physiological mechanics.  Its inclusion inevitably will bring with it a universe of subjective experience and expression that does not nestle well into the canons of scientific objectivity, replicability, and quantification, along with a host of mildly and wildly anomalous physical effects.  And it will insist in playing only on grossly probabilistic, inherently uncertain terms.
         Is the challenge of consciousness worth all of this trouble, or should we continue to exclude it from the tidy workshop of objective science?  Although it commits us to an extremely difficult agenda, it is our position that the admission of consciousness into systematic science is possible, desirable, and indeed essential to the ultimate relevance of science to the human condition, and thereby to the survival and evolution of the species.  For in studying consciousness, we are doing nothing less than studying our own vital essence: our minds; our spirits; our lives; and our eternal presence and purpose in the cosmic plan.
Mathematical models and methods for investigation of living systems' response to ultra weak actions.
Alexander Konradov, MS
Head of Math. Modeling group
Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences
Kosygin Street 4, Moscow 117334, Russia
Response of living and physico-chemical systems to ultra-weak action may not be revealed until adequate method of analysis is used. The specificity of living systems response is determined by background and sub background action level, which is evolutionary customary. The system does not recognize this action as a significant external one and has a power to compensate such "signal" by internal resources. Compensation is able to keep systems parameters inside a normal range. So, we may not notice any changes by means of standard descriptive statistics. But these small changes may become apparent in the interrelationship between variables, which may be revealed by correlation analysis and some integral measure of difference (multivariate distance). Experience shows, that it is true. The application of some integral index of correlation and multivariate distances allows discovering the effect of low-level radiation on individuals and people populations, for example.
    Chronic "signal" action may lead to changes not variables but parameters of system and, hence, is able to move phase point to unstable region near bifurcation. Low stability near bifurcation point leads then to the increase of system noise level. Measuring any flows, emitted by the system (electromagnetic, optic, thermal and so on), is a potent source of information about the system state. So, the methods of analysis of noise-similar processes, the revelation of hidden and quasiperiodic patterns are really useful for evaluation of system's state changes, as a result of action. Examples will be presented of application of such methods to cell populations and even to non-living physico-chemical systems.

Nature of "bioenergetic" and "psychophysical" phenomena in view of modern physics
Dmitri N. Kulikov, MS
Engineer, Rocket-Space Corporation "Energia", Moscow region, Korolev,
Cziolkovski St., 15/14, Apt. 148, 141070   Russia

      The understanding of the physical nature of "bioenergetic" and "psychophysical" phenomena can be helped by analyzing extensive available, though fragmented, reports of their scientific studies. Such analysis points to a fundamental relationship between but not identity of physical mechanisms of these two types of the phenomena. The bioenergetic phenomena prevail in biophysical processes of living organisms. The psychophysical phenomena are associated with a previously unknown and extremely unusual physical mechanism - interaction of informational reflections of objects and processes of the material world in some separate information realm of the physical world. Reasons for the necessity of such separate realm and the mechanism of realization of psychophysical phenomena, called "energy-information," are presented in [1]. Existing theories of the psychophysical phenomena, unfortunately, unable to satisfactorily connect processes of generation and perception of the hypothetical physical agent with the process of generation of nervous pulses - material carriers of the brain function.. Functioning of this mechanism and advantages of the energy-information concept in understanding psychophysical phenomena are considered in [2]. This is only a general approach that has been developed based on A.M.Hazen's[3] concept of self organization of physical information and I.L.Gerlovin's [4] quantum theory generalizing all interactions in substance.
      In organisms with central nervous systems (CNS) this mechanism is associated with quantum processes causing changes in the functional state of synaptic receptors of neurons and thus influencing the function of CNS. Based on the proposed energy-information theory, functional models are presented of the basic types of psychophysical phenomena. Also, predicted are some features of the physical world that may explain results of physical and parapsychological experiments as well as some bioenergetic phenomena unexplainable within the current scientific paradigm.
Further study into the energy-information field has a great potential for development of essentially new and unique equipment for a wide spectrum of the medical and biotechnological purposes.


References
1. Kulikov D.N.  Analysis of Modern Conceptual Models of Psychophysical Phenomena.  Parapsychology and Psychophysics, #2(30), 2000, pp.52-59 (in Russian)
2  Kulikov D.N.  Bases of the Energy-Information Theory.  Parapsychology and Psychophysics, #2(30), 2000, pp.60-78 (in Russian)
3  Hazen A.M.  Introduction of Information Measure into Axiomatic Basis of Mechanics, Raub, Moscow 1998 (in Russian)
3. Gerlovin I.L.  Bases of the General Theory of All Interactions in Substance,  Moscow,1990 (in Russian)

y -Universe - the coming vision of the world
Ervin Laszlo, PhD
Founder and Director The General Evolution Research Grour
Villa Franaton I - 56040 Montescudaio (Pisa), Italy
+390-586-650-395 (Fax) 
laszlo@etrurianet.it
Reality - at least our reality takes different shapes with the different conceptions we entertain of it. Entirely divergent conceptions of reality are possible, and many of them have achieved explicit formulation in the history of thought. For purposes of this analysis we group the major kinds of systematic realities under the heading of "alternative universes". There are four of them:
1)             the mystical m (mu)-universe
2)             the teleological t (tau)-universe
3)             the random-change j (phi)-universe
4)             the self-forming y (psi)-universe.
   The origins of the m-universe go back to the dawn of human intellectual history, with roots in both Eastern and Western thought. It was Plato who introduced it into systematic philosophy. Plato embraced the mystical tenet that the ultimate realities subsist unchanged, on a separate plane of existence. In the Platonic universe the things encountered in the material world arrange themselves according to their perfect and eternal archetypes.
Plato's thesis is cogent, but requires the acceptance of two separate planes of reality.  Aristotle objected to this postulate and proceeded to outline the historically powerful variant of the t -universe. In Aristotle's conception matter is inert and formless. To account for the world's known properties we must assume the action of four distinct "causes", including the final cause which makes the universe basically teleological. The essential forms or designs imprint themselves on perceived realities as their "entelechies". These kept cropping up time and again - in Driesch, in Bergson, and in the "vitalist" school in philosophy and biology.
The j-universe has an especially rich history, first within philosophy and then in science.  Its origins can be traced to the atomism of Democritus and Leucippus. In De Rerum Natura the Roman poet Lucretius produced a representative and eloquent statement of it. "Multitudinous atoms, swept along in multitudinous courses through infinite time by mutual clashes and their own weight, came together in every possible way and realized everything that could be formed by their combinations."
Scientific atomisms viewed the world as the precise and predictable concourse of atoms (or more basic particles) in space and in time. The universe is a precise clockwork, a giant mechanism that, once wound up, runs predictably until it runs down. The laws of motion that determine all things in the universe are dynamic, invariant and universal. 
The mechanistic version of atomism ran into problems by the turn of the century. Probed with more precise instruments, the universe refused to behave like a precise mechanism. The uncertainties that came to light suggest not merely limitations of knowledge but basic indeterminacies at the heart of reality. Instead of there being single and definite world lines, there are but ensembles of potential trajectories. Which of them will be actualized is not determined in advance; hence it is not knowable in advance. The probabilistic variant of the j-universe remains the main reality for contemporary science to this day.
      The upcoming vision of the world - the y-universe - will incorporate life as physical reality. It will engage new mechanisms of organization of matter, of storing memory and transferring information; it will deal with forces that cause complex actions of living beings in a teleonomic way. This will incorporate rather than negate all previous universes.
this is manifested in the type of bimodal curves with characteristic maxima at high concentration of antioxidants (10-6 for both antioxidants) and in the range of ultra-low doses (10-8-10-18 M for a-TL and 10-12 - 10-16M for Ph-K).
Secondly, this is also indicated by the existence of the "silence zone" between them in the range of low antioxidant concentrations ( 10-6M for a-TL and Ph-K) and ultralow doses ( 10-8-10-18M for a-TL and 10-12-10-16 M for Ph-K ). In all these cases the silent zone covers 1-4 orders of magnitude of antioxidant concentrations. Thus, we can conclude, that both natural as well as synthetic antioxidants are the typical agents showing effect in ultra-low doses.
 
Observation of accelerated embrionic development of chicks
Lee Pulos, MD
Private Practitioner
1260 Horuby St. 2d Floor, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1W2 Canada

As clinical psychologist interested in paradoxical manifestations of human mind, I had an opportunity to observe exceptionally psi-gifted individuals on the Philippines and in Brazil. Outstanding abilities of Thomaz Morais Coutinho of Brazil are described in our 1990 book "Miracles and Other Realities" (Omega Press) co-authored with Gary Richman.
Thomas produced the most remarkable effect - accelerated embryonic development of unfertilized chicken eggs - at least four times. The first fully successful incident occurred in 1982 in presence of several friends and observers including a physician, a psychiatrist and local judge, in a restaurant setting.
Following his "inner voice," he requested that fifteen eggs be purchased at a local market and placed at the table before him. After a period of deep trance, he cracked the eggs one by one and broke their contents into a large flat bowl. Looking highly excited, he kept his hands, palms down over the eggs. Slowly, the yolks began to change their texture, solidifying and becoming darker. Different densities began forming and within five minutes, the fetal forms of baby chicks could be identified. Over the next two minutes, the internal organs of the embryos could be seen through the membranes. After nine minutes, the first sounds of life were heard  - the " cheep-cheeping" of little chicks.
From the fifteen eggs nine baby chicks were hatched. Five of the nine died within three days. In one of the next three demonstrations only half of the chicks survived and apparently developed normally. The described session was photographed in a series of consecutive frames that will be presented at the meeting. Repeating this or a similar occurrence with a thorough cytogenetic and cytophysiological analysis of the embryo in the process of accelerated development could shed light on the biophysics of life.
 
Measurement of intrinsic quantum fields associated with conscious intention
Glen Rein, Ph.D.
Founder, Quantum Biology Research Lab.
POBox 157,  Northport, NY 11768  USA

Scientific evidence supports the existence of a non-chemical, energetic intercellular communication system. It is tempting to extend this idea of an energetic communication system to information exchange between two people. The ability of biological systems to absorb and emit specific frequencies of electromagnetic (EM) radiation supports these ideas. Emitted radiation is now called the Biofield. Nonetheless the actual mechanism of how one person or cellular system "informs" another is unknown. Experimental evidence indicates that target-specific information can be directed at will and produce a physiological effect according to the conscious intention of the practitioner. Most of these studies are phenomenological in nature and do not address underlying mechanisms. Nonetheless, information exchange between humans or between man and machine is non-local, suggesting the quantum nature of the phenomenon. Furthermore, the recent demonstration of macroscopic quantum coherence in biological systems indicates quantum processes occur in the body. Understanding the role of intrinsic quantum processes should give valuable information about their role in regulating normal and abnormal physiological processes.
From an experimental point of view, these phenomenon are difficult to study. One approach is the study the quantum fields generated as a result of these processes. Non-linear analysis of surface electrodermal signals has been used to characterize this quantum information, yielding new information about underlying physiological processes. The approach utilized in these studies is not to use physical detectors to measure quantum fields generated from the body, but rather to use biological systems, which can respond in a nonlinear manner. DNA is a particularly interesting molecule to use in this regard because of its superconducting properties. As a first step in the development of a bioassay for quantum fields, purified human DNA was used and tertiary structural changes measured. The tertiary structure of DNA is held together with hydrogen bonds, which are known to have intrinsic quantum properties. It was therefore postulated that conformational changes in DNA would be particularly sensitive to conscious human intention. Furthermore, the specificity of such intentionality can be readily measured, since the two strands in partially denatured DNA are free to wind or unwind.
     Conformational changes were measured by standard biochemical methods using UV absorption spectroscopy at 260 nm. For a typical experiment aliquots of human placental DNA were transferred to identical sealed test tubes and before-after measurements made. Untreated control aliquots showed a natural tendency to unwind with an increase in absorption of 1.09 % ± 0.8. Aliquots treated with the conscious intention to unwind DNA caused a larger increase in absorption from 2-10% depending on the experiment. Aliquots treated with the intention to wind DNA produced a decrease in absorption from 2-5%. These effects, which are statistically significant, indicate that DNA is sensitive to the informational content of consciousness.
A recent modification of this assay allows measuring dynamic changes in rewinding following heat denaturation. Preliminary evidence suggests an oscillatory response as a function of time following exposure to conscious intention. Such oscillatory behavior is a likely example of macroscopic quantum coherence indicating a new method of measuring quantum fields associated with consciousness.

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